1) The subject in psychiatry and the subject in psychoanalis

2) The subject of psychiatry and the subject of psychoanalysis

3) Finding the subject in Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis

4) Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis - what is the subject?

5) Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis - where is the subject?

We are structured in such a way so as to ensure that we are not disturbed in what we already know, so as not to know. Ignorance is our passion. From birth, from the very moment we come into the world, ignorance is the first misfortune to befall us.

So what is our second misfortune? It’s the fact that as beings, we are usually quite binary. When we ask ourselves the question – “what is the most important thing for us?” - the most vital and fundamental thing, we usually come up with two different sorts of replies. Not three! Just two! You could see this as a sort of common ‘poverty’ that we share as humans, whereby we are all equally ‘lacking’ in that respect.

And those two replies are the following. Either you take the stance that only science matters, that the only important thing is rigour, logic and all that is rooted in mathematics. That stance presupposes that anything to do with subjectivity should be brushed aside. Indeed, science establishes a form of writing that is made up of letters and formulas that are only capable of functioning in a machine or computer, without any human involvement at all. So there is no subject in the equation. He is wholly excluded from all scientific operations.

Inhibition is a very common modern-day symptom. But what exactly is it? It’s a stop sign! A red light! It’s about suddenly putting on the brakes! And the result? The subject goes into complete shutdown. When a person experiences inhibition, he or she is incapable of taking any important decisions, and moreover incapable of successfully carrying through any action. It’s a serious issue. It can reduce people’s lives to nothing.

But let’s clarify things a little further here: there are two different types of inhibition. Firstly, a ‘normal’ inhibition that is imposed by upbringing, by learning social skills, born of grasping the fact that social norms dictate that you can’t do exactly what you want, nor how you want. You must learn how to behave. Secondly, there is pathological inhibition. And this type of inhibition is what I’d like to speak to you about today to help shed light on the issue of vulnerable children in need.

Der Gepeinigte... aufhört zu lieben, solange er leidet... endlich mub man beginnen zu lieben, um nicht krank zu werden, und mub erkranken, wenn man... nicht lieben kann” “A person suffering organic pain and discomfort …. as long as he suffers, he ceases to love…. but in the last resort we must begin to love in order not to fall ill, and we are bound to fall ill if, in consequence of frustration, we are unable to love.”

Sigmund Freud, ²On Narcissism ; An Introduction²

Generally speaking, love is an extremely difficult subject to discuss. Why? Because love doesn’t represent just “one”. It spreads itself out in at least three different directions, namely the Imaginary, Symbolic and Real orders. Freud’s work made the distinction between the subject’s ‘need’ and ‘wish (wunsch). As for Lacan, he spent years honing the definition of ‘wish to break it down into demand and desire. But demand and desire are not the only two essential factors for the subject. Indeed, as you all know, psychoanalysis is only made possible by the concept of transference, which is a very particular type of love in itself.

It’s also vital to remember that all these different types of love coexist side by side. Sometimes it’s one particular strain of love that is more dominant, at other times it’s another type of love that holds sway, and sometimes all the different types of love are at play in equal measure. So let’s firstly start by looking again at the different versions of love.

The film opens by posing the terrible question of what happens when human relationships are simply boiled down to dealing with the mundane bare essentials, such as bowel movements and periods? In other words, what happens when the body is reduced to its strict, basic needs, to its own real dimension? What if the body is seen as just a piece of meat, like a bag of organs that, as in the film, no longer function. Put another way, if all that remains are these purely organic considerations, then there is no room left for the subject - that subject we hold so dear, that subject in each and every one of us who is forever at the ready to rise up in revolt, to cry out should we ever we neglect him, ready to say no and make his disapproval heard, so that we finally take him into consideration, listen and recognize him. The symptom is also what speaks out on behalf of the subject. It arrives on the scene like a messenger to announce that something isn’t right, to flag up a problem - the spokesperson of the subject’s truth

Dublin, Ireland October 2012

The evolution of psychoanalysis under Freud, then Lacan, reveals that although psychoanalysis was originally a therapy, that is no longer the case. Today, the true function of psychoanalysis is to bring mankind into a state of desire.

Antes que todo, deseo agradecer Tania Rolens por la invitacion que me lanzo y permitirme asi participar a éstos dos dias de trabajo en Bogota, en mi pais.
Sabia que estaba preparando un texto para las jornadas de Grenoble sobre Identidad y Alteridad , en noviembre pasado. Identidad que no es un concepto analitico y que no hace parte de los problemas cruciales del psycoa nalisis que Lacan trato. Pero que causa problema hoy en dia en europa, y por consiguiente viene à plantear una serie de preguntas al psychoanaliste en su clinica quotidiana.